||In the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh (hereinafter referred to as "Bangladesh"), primary energy demand has increased by about 1.5 times in the decade from 2007 to 2017 (IEA 2017) in line with robust economic growth, and is expected to continue to increase in the future. Under this circumstance, Bangladesh faces a turning point in its energy supply structure. Bangladesh has been relying on domestic natural gas for about 60% of its primary energy sources. However, due to the decline in the production of domestic natural gas, Bangladesh began to import liquefied natural gas (LNG) in 2018, which is expected to increase significantly going forward.
So far, the Government of Bangladesh has established long-term plans for each energy sub-sector, such as the Power System Master Plan 2016 (Revisiting PSMP2016), the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Master Plan (EECMP2016), and the Gas Sector Master Plan (GSMP 2017). However, it has become necessary to revise the energy plans in response to the current situation such as changes in demand assumptions and the growing global trend toward low-carbon and decarbonization.
In order to solve these issues, Bangladesh needs to review the long-term plans for each energy sub-sector mentioned above, formulate an integrated energy development policy for the entire country, and strengthen and implement more concrete and effective measures to realize a low-carbon society. In this context, we will pursue the "3E+S" concept of ensuring "Energy Security," "Economic Efficiency," and "Environment" while focusing on "Safety." In view of the need for a long-term low-carbon energy policy, we will support the formulation of the integrated energy and power master plan.
The Overall Goal
A low/zero carbon energy demand/supply system will be established based on the premise of ensuring energy security and economic viability.
To establish a low/zero carbon energy demand/supply system, with energy security and economic viability, by introduction of policy and technologies for low carbon/carbon neutral society, towards sustainable development of Bangladesh.
An integrated master plan by focusing on establishing a low/zero carbon energy system from a long-term perspective, which is necessary for achieving sustainable development of Bangladesh, will be formulated.
Strengthened institutional capacity of energy data management, which is the basis of policymaking, planning, implementation and monitoring by the information collected through MRV (Measurement, Reporting and Verification), will be established.
a) Review of current status of policies
Review of current national development policy and energy sector policies
Review of policies and plans on climate change and environmental issues
Setting of long-term scenarios of future energy mix and evaluation of policies and technologies to achieve such scenario
b) Energy Data Management
Collection and analysis of latest energy data in both energy supply side and demand side in primary energy basis
Recommendation and support for strengthening energy data management system, Power Cell and Sustainable And Renewable Energy Development Authority
Recommendations and Assistance on GHGs inventory report
Recommendations for the revision of NDC
c) Balance of Primary Energy Supply and Final Consumption
Study and collect basic information for primary energy demand forecast and making supply plan up to 2050 in electricity, residential, commercial, industrial, transport and agricultural sector
Study the Eighth Five-year Development Plan, GSMP2017 and other relevant policies/plan
Preparation of prospects for economic development and energy demand forecast by 2050
Development of energy efficiency and conservation plan
Review of EECMP2016 and analysis of energy efficiency in industrial, residential and commercial sectors
Analysis of energy efficiency in transportation sector, which were outside the scope of existing EECMP2016
Analysis of long-term energy balance scenarios up to 2050 consistent with IEAs scenario analysis, i.e., Stated Policy Scenario (STEPS), Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS) and Net Zero Emissions by 2050 case (NZE2050)
Preparation of comprehensive plan for energy supply and demand system considering government target of climate change and economic development by 2050
Calculation and analysis on financial cost and benefit for implementing abovementioned scenarios with consideration of price fluctuations and technical innovations on energy supply and demand, and its impact on national finance
Calculation and analysis of cost and benefit required for developing infrastructure and institutions for energy supply and demand in short and mid-term perspective
Recommendations of policies, plans and technologies, by backcasting from the scenarios for achieving the abovementioned comprehensive energy supply and demand system, with the timeframe midpoints in 2030, 2041 and 2050
d) Development of Power System Plan
Review of revisiting PSMP2016 and EECMP2016
Review and evaluation of the best mix of generation power sources
Study of issues related to generation and transmission development plan
Study of consistency between distributed energy system including REs, batteries and energy management systems development, and power development plan
Study of economic impact on energy price hike and its countermeasures
e) LNG Legal Framework
Analysis of current laws and regulations in Bangladesh and identification of issues
Recommendations for drafting laws and regulations following the discussion with stakeholders in Bangladesh on the results of analysis
f) Environmental and Social Considerations
Review of regulatory frameworks for environmental and social considerations
Conduct Strategic Environmental Assessment
Leader/Energy policy, Sub-Leader/Economic and financial Analysis, Low/de-carbonization policy, Energy Economics Analysis, Energy supply and demand optimization analysis 1, Energy supply and demand optimization analysis 2, Primary energy analysis (Renewable energy), Primary energy analysis (Oil) 1, Primary energy analysis (Oil) 2, Primary energy analysis (Gas), Primary energy analysis (Coal) 1, Primary energy analysis (Coal) 2, Energy data management (Consumption Research), Energy data management (Capacity Building), Supply and demand analysis (Electricity / Gas) 1, Supply and demand analysis (Electricity / Gas) 2, Power development plan, Power generation facility, Power development plan (Ammonia), Renewable energy plan (Policy and non-electricity), Renewable energy plan (Electricity), Power transmission plan (Plan and facility), Power transmission plan (Analysis), Power transmission operation and Regulation, Power transmission operation and training (capacity building), Distribution facility plan (Distribution plan), Distribution facility plan (Distribution operation), Power transaction and tariff analysis, Legal development support for LNG business, Demand side management, Low carbon policy and technology (Transportation), Low carbon policy and technology
(Industry), Low carbon policy and technology (Residential), Environmental and social considerations 1, Environmental and social considerations 2
[Training in Japan]
Training in Japan on long-term energy planning
Training in Japan on preparation of energy statistics
Regression analysis software
Assignment of counterparts
Establishment of committees and TWGs
Personnel costs and expenses for counterpart staff