||After seven years of construction, the Dangote oil refinery, a 650,000 barrels day (BPD) integrated refinery and petrochemical located in the Lekki Free Zone near Lagos, Nigeria was completed in 2023, becoming Africa’s biggest oil refinery and the world’s biggest single-train facility.
The US $12bn project was announced in 2013 by the Dangote group, however, construction did not begin until 2016. The Refinery was originally meant to be built in the oil-producing state of Ondo but due to a lack of political will from the State Government, the project was moved to Lagos state.
The Dangote oil refinery will process a variety of light and medium grades of crude to produce Euro-V quality clean fuels including gasoline and diesel as well as jet fuel and polypropylene.
The processing facilities include a crude distillation unit (CDU) and associated facilities, a mild hydrocracking (MHC) unit, a residual fluid catalytic cracking (RFCC) unit, a naphtha hydrotreater, and a gasoline hydrodesulfurization (HDS) unit as well as alkylation units.
The refinery complex will also house sulfur recovery and hydrogen generation facilities and a polypropylene unit. Comprising two steam methane reformer (SMR) units, the hydrogen generation facility will generate 200,000Nm³/h of hydrogen and steam to produce sulfur-free fuels.
The other processing units at the refinery include the STRATCO® alkylation unit, the MECS® sulphuric acid regeneration (SAR) unit, the MECS® DynaWave® sulfur recovery unit, and the BELCO® EDV® fluid catalytic cracking unit. The refinery is designed to produce up to 50 million liters of gasoline and 15 million liters of diesel a day.
The refinery is expected to produce 10.4 million tonnes (Mt) of gasoline, 4.6 Mt of diesel, and 4 Mt of jet fuel a year. It will also produce 0.69Mt of polypropylene, 0.24Mt of propane, 32,000t of Sulphur, and 0.5Mt of carbon black feed yearly. Furthermore, the refinery will generate electricity of up to 12,000MegaWatts.
A group of local and international banks led by Standard Chartered Bank provided a US $3.3bn syndicated loan facility for the project. Furthermore, the United States Trade and Development Agency provided a US $0.997M training grant for the human resource development for the refinery operation.