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1.

UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM

Imaging and Addressing of Single Molecules in Optical Lattices

  • 224,934
  • United Kingdom
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Imaging and Addressing of Single Molecules in Optical Lattices
Company Name UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM
Funded By 38
Country United Kingdom , Western Europe
Project Value 224,934
Project Detail

Nobel Prize winner Richard Feynman first emphasized the complexity of simulating quantum systems. Using classical computers, the exponential scaling of the required computational power with the number of constituent particles of the quantum system makes full simulations impossible for high particle numbers. As a solution, Feynman suggested using a quantum computer that operates according to the laws of quantum mechanics. This notion of quantum simulation - to simulate one quantum system with another - therefore has the main goal of solving problems that are not accessible using a classical computer. A prominent example of quantum simulation, that is the topic of this proposal, is the study of interacting many-body quantum systems. Over the course of the “Imaging and Addressing of Single Molecules in Optical Lattices” (IASMOL) project I will develop techniques to combine the state-of-the-art imaging and addressing techniques currently employed in atomic quantum gas microscopes and apply them to molecule experiments. This will enable the quantum simulation of strongly interacting matter with precise single-particle control and in-situ imaging. I will use molecules created by the association of ultracold alkali-metal atoms. This approach benefits from the enormous advances in laser cooling of atoms and crucially allows the lattice to be loaded with atom-pairs from degenerate atomic gases. The host group (HG) within the physics department at Durham University is part of the Joint Quantum Centre which has a major research theme in ultracold atoms and molecules (both theory and experiment). The HG have successfully created RbCs molecules by the association of atoms for many years, allowing for studies of the properties of these molecules. The RbCs experiment in the HG is therefore the ideal environment to implement the IASMOL project.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM
Address Stockton Road The Palatine Centre Dh1 3le Durham
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/221699/factsheet/en

2.

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Advancing CO2 Capture Materials by Atomic Scale Design: the Quest for Understanding

  • 2 Million
  • Switzerland
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Advancing CO2 Capture Materials by Atomic Scale Design: the Quest for Understanding
Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Funded By 38
Country Switzerland , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

Carbon dioxide capture and storage is a technology to mitigate climate change by removing CO2 from flue gas streams or the atmosphere and storing it in geological formations. While CO2 removal from natural gas by amine scrubbing is implemented on the large scale, the cost of such process is currently prohibitively expensive. Inexpensive alkali earth metal oxides (MgO and CaO) feature high theoretical CO2 uptakes, but suffer from poor cyclic stability and slow kinetics. Yet, the key objective of recent research on alkali earth metal oxide based CO2 sorbents has been the processing of inexpensive, naturally occurring CO2 sorbents, notably limestone and dolomite, to stabilize their modest CO2 uptake and to establish re-activation methods through engineering approaches. While this research demonstrated a landmark Megawatt (MW) scale viability of the process, our fundamental understanding of the underlying CO2 capture, regeneration and deactivation pathways did not improve. The latter knowledge is, however, vital for the rational design of improved, yet practical CaO and MgO sorbents. Hence this proposal is concerned with obtaining an understanding of the underlying mechanisms that control the ability of an alkali metal oxide to capture a large quantity of CO2 with a high rate, to regenerate and to operate with high cyclic stability. Achieving these aims relies on the ability to fabricate model structures and to characterize in great detail their surface chemistry, morphology, chemical composition and changes therein under reactive conditions. This makes the development of operando and in situ characterization tools an essential prerequisite. Advances in these areas shall allow achieving the overall goal of this project, viz. to formulate a roadmap to fabricate improved CO2 sorbents through their precisely engineered structure, composition and morphology.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Address Raemistrasse 101 8092 Zuerich
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/220133/factsheet/en

3.

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Advancing CO2 Capture Materials by Atomic Scale Design: the Quest for Understanding

  • 2 Million
  • Switzerland
view notice less notice
Advancing CO2 Capture Materials by Atomic Scale Design: the Quest for Understanding
Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Funded By 38
Country Switzerland , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

Carbon dioxide capture and storage is a technology to mitigate climate change by removing CO2 from flue gas streams or the atmosphere and storing it in geological formations. While CO2 removal from natural gas by amine scrubbing is implemented on the large scale, the cost of such process is currently prohibitively expensive. Inexpensive alkali earth metal oxides (MgO and CaO) feature high theoretical CO2 uptakes, but suffer from poor cyclic stability and slow kinetics. Yet, the key objective of recent research on alkali earth metal oxide based CO2 sorbents has been the processing of inexpensive, naturally occurring CO2 sorbents, notably limestone and dolomite, to stabilize their modest CO2 uptake and to establish re-activation methods through engineering approaches. While this research demonstrated a landmark Megawatt (MW) scale viability of the process, our fundamental understanding of the underlying CO2 capture, regeneration and deactivation pathways did not improve. The latter knowledge is, however, vital for the rational design of improved, yet practical CaO and MgO sorbents. Hence this proposal is concerned with obtaining an understanding of the underlying mechanisms that control the ability of an alkali metal oxide to capture a large quantity of CO2 with a high rate, to regenerate and to operate with high cyclic stability. Achieving these aims relies on the ability to fabricate model structures and to characterize in great detail their surface chemistry, morphology, chemical composition and changes therein under reactive conditions. This makes the development of operando and in situ characterization tools an essential prerequisite. Advances in these areas shall allow achieving the overall goal of this project, viz. to formulate a roadmap to fabricate improved CO2 sorbents through their precisely engineered structure, composition and morphology.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Address Raemistrasse 101 8092 Zuerich
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/220133/factsheet/en

4.

UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN

Many-body physics and superconductivity in 2D materials

  • 2 Million
  • Germany
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Many-body physics and superconductivity in 2D materials
Company Name UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN
Funded By European union
Country Germany , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

The goal of this project is to prepare and functionalize layered materials and then to characterize them in-situ using a novel combination of electrical transport, photoelectron and optical spectroscopy. This approach provides a solution to the intense research efforts in trying to engineer, probe and unravel many-body physics and the superconducting coupling mechanism in layered solids. The materials under investigation are based on the families of graphene, dichalcogenides and iron based superconductors. Chemical functionalization using dopants and strain allows for an unprecedented control over their physical properties. The proposed material systems provide a new arena to explore diverse condensed matter phenomena such as electron correlation, electron-phonon coupling and superconductivity. The groundbreaking aspects of this proposal are as follows: (1) development of a unique setup where electrical transport, angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) and optical spectroscopy is measured in-situ on the same sample, (2) large-area deterministic layer-by-layer growth by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) and molecular beam epitaxy, (3) the effects of mechanical strain and hence large pseudomagnetic fields on the electronic band structure will be investigated using ARPES, (4) the effects of alkali metal doping on the superconducting transition temperature and the spectral function will be investigated using transport, ARPES and optical spectroscopies shining light onto the superconducting pairing mechanisms in different classes of materials. The proposals feasibility is firmly grounded on the pioneering work of the PI’s group on superconducting coupling in functionalized graphene and the in-situ ARPES measurements of a CVD grown graphene/BN heterostructure.

Sector Electrical

Contact Details

Company Name UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN
Address ALBERTUS MAGNUS PLATZ 50923 KOELN Germany
Web Site http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/196873_en.html

5.

UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN

Many-body physics and superconductivity in 2D materials

  • 2 Million
  • Germany
view notice less notice
Many-body physics and superconductivity in 2D materials
Company Name UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN
Funded By European union
Country Germany , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

The goal of this project is to prepare and functionalize layered materials and then to characterize them in-situ using a novel combination of electrical transport, photoelectron and optical spectroscopy. This approach provides a solution to the intense research efforts in trying to engineer, probe and unravel many-body physics and the superconducting coupling mechanism in layered solids. The materials under investigation are based on the families of graphene, dichalcogenides and iron based superconductors. Chemical functionalization using dopants and strain allows for an unprecedented control over their physical properties. The proposed material systems provide a new arena to explore diverse condensed matter phenomena such as electron correlation, electron-phonon coupling and superconductivity. The groundbreaking aspects of this proposal are as follows: (1) development of a unique setup where electrical transport, angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) and optical spectroscopy is measured in-situ on the same sample, (2) large-area deterministic layer-by-layer growth by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) and molecular beam epitaxy, (3) the effects of mechanical strain and hence large pseudomagnetic fields on the electronic band structure will be investigated using ARPES, (4) the effects of alkali metal doping on the superconducting transition temperature and the spectral function will be investigated using transport, ARPES and optical spectroscopies shining light onto the superconducting pairing mechanisms in different classes of materials. The proposals feasibility is firmly grounded on the pioneering work of the PI’s group on superconducting coupling in functionalized graphene and the in-situ ARPES measurements of a CVD grown graphene/BN heterostructure.

Sector Electrical

Contact Details

Company Name UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN
Address ALBERTUS MAGNUS PLATZ 50923 KOELN Germany
Web Site http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/196873_en.html

6.

UNIVERSITAET REGENSBURG

Photocatalytic Generation of CarbAnions for Organic Synthesis

  • 2 Million
  • Germany
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Photocatalytic Generation of CarbAnions for Organic Synthesis
Company Name UNIVERSITAET REGENSBURG
Funded By European union
Country Germany , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

Light is a fascinating reagent for chemistry as it provides energy to drive reactions, but leaves no trace. In visible light photoredox catalysis the initial electron transfer from the excited dye to a substrate yields radical anion or radical intermediates, which dominate the subsequent chemistry. Carbanions, which are the most important nucleophiles in organic chemistry, are typically not available from photocatalysis. The project PHAROS aims to overcome the current limitation of visible light photocatalysis to radical chemistry and extend its use to carbon nucleophiles. To obtain carbanions for organic synthesis using visible light, we propose three specific project tasks: 1) We develop the next generation of visible light photocatalysts extending the current energetic limit of bond activation required for carbanion generation. This task is based on our recently developed consecutive photoinduced electron transfer (conPET) strategy accumulating the energy of more than one photon for synthesis. Now, the reduction power is further increased reaching potentials of alkali metals and allowing sequential two-electron transfers as needed for preparing carbanions. 2) This technology is then used to generate carbanions from neutral starting materials by visible light photoinduced one- or two-electron transfer. The concept allows a light-driven synthetic carbanion chemistry without the stoichiometric use of reducing reagents, such as magnesium, zinc or lithium. 3) Faster and cleaner reactions, longer catalyst lifetimes and selective photocatalytic sequences are achieved by sensitized photocatalysts and pulsed light excitation. This will enhance the overall energy efficiency of photoredox catalysis facilitating practical applications. The energy of visible light provides the redox energy to generate carbanions for organic synthesis and thereby broadens the synthetic use of the most abundant and sustainable energy source on earth, visible light.

Sector Energy and Power

Contact Details

Company Name UNIVERSITAET REGENSBURG
Address UNIVERSITATSSTRASSE 31 93053 REGENSBURG Germany
Web Site http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/210251_en.html

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