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1.

UNIVERSITY OF LIMERICK

Engineering Solutions for the Process Industry

  • 4 Million
  • Ireland
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Engineering Solutions for the Process Industry
Company Name UNIVERSITY OF LIMERICK
Country Ireland , Northern Europe
Project Value 4 Million
Project Detail

Engineering Solutions for the Process Industry: The overarching research theme of the PROCESS Fellowship Programme is Advanced Manufacturing of high value products and engineering solutions for related industries, with particular emphasis on particulate product processing for new products within the dairy and pharmaceutical sectors. A broad range of research focus areas are envisaged, incorporating process modelling and integrated process control, with associated Process Analytical Technologies (PAT), heat, mass and momentum transfer, hybrid processing and subsequent smart data management, to promote processing agility and flexibility within an Industry 4.0 framework. PROCESS will run for 60 months, and will fund 26 experienced researchers of any nationality across two competitive Calls for Proposals for European Fellowships (two-year). The successful applicants will be awarded an employment contract in Ireland with the host beneficiary University of Limerick, and will have the option of selecting supervisors from any of the three participating Centres (Dairy Processing Technology Centre - DPTC, Synthesis and Solid State Pharmaceutical Centre - SSPC, and Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Technology Centre - PMTC) within the University. Fellowships will include mandatory secondments (between 3 to 6 months) to industry, with placements selected from, but not limited to, dairy and pharmaceutical companies who are partners of the three Centres. It is expected that these placements will be beneficial to the candidate’s research and training project. To facilitate this, the participating Centres have already secured the commitment of leading companies, and other internationally recognised research centres, to host Fellows on secondment. Projects proposing fundamental or applied research will be eligible, and inter-or multi-disciplinary proposals will be welcomed. A core focus of the Programme will be on sharing of knowledge and findings between academia and industry.

Sector Information Technology

Contact Details

Company Name UNIVERSITY OF LIMERICK
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/216325_en.html

2.

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

The Bootstrap Method for General Amplitudes

  • 20 Million
  • Denmark
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The Bootstrap Method for General Amplitudes
Company Name KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Country Denmark , Western Europe
Project Value 20 Million
Project Detail

Scattering amplitudes are our primary window on fundamental physics, but despite spectacular advances in recent years their computation remains extremely computationally intensive. Bootstrap techniques, in which an ansatz for the amplitude is constrained with limited kinematic data, are in principle the most efficient possible method, allowing researchers to skip both long sums over diagrams and complicated multidimensional integrals. My collaborators and I have shown the power of these techniques in six particle amplitudes up to six loops, quantities complex enough to be inaccessible to other methods. So far, though, we have applied these techniques only in planar maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. In this project, my objective is to generalize these techniques beyond the supersymmetric case, to build it into a powerful general tool for computing scattering amplitudes. I will pursue this objective in two ways: by investigating amplitudes that require functions outside of the polylogarithms that were used in earlier cases, and by bootstrapping quantities, such as correlation functions and amplitudes in non-planar theories, that have more general behavior.

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Company Name KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215131_en.html

3.

UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN

The Art of Deleting: A Study of Erasure Poetry, Practices of Control, Surveillance, and Censorship

  • 28 Million
  • Norway
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The Art of Deleting: A Study of Erasure Poetry, Practices of Control, Surveillance, and Censorship
Company Name UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN
Country Norway , Western Europe
Project Value 28 Million
Project Detail

The research project “The Art of Deleting” (ARTDEL) investigates the topic of deletion and redaction as a poetic, aesthetic, and political act. ARTDEL aims to analyze works of erasure poetry as forms of resistance and activism in digital culture. The project addresses various levels of erasure poetry, by focusing on its social, political, and aesthetic dimensions, and by tracing its antecedents. The first stage of the project involves researching archive material and developing methodological tools in literary studies and digital literature on the materiality of censoring techniques. Secondly, it presents case studies on the cultural and political contexts of production and reception of poetry in Portugal, China, and the United States. The research will compare practices of ""hard"" censorship applied to works of poetry in fascist and communist regimes, and practices of ""soft"" censorship applied in contemporary democratic and network societies. Thus, ARTDEL is a comparative study of the material practices applied by the state apparatus in the control and regulation of the literary field, particularly in poetry. Thirdly, it investigates whether the superstructures of state control and surveillance influence contemporary works of erasure poetry. Due to the scientific, socio-political, and critical perspectives concerning technology, ARTDEL is a timely project that will significantly contribute to new knowledge on cultural production in the digital age, and enhance European scientific excellence and policy-making."

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Company Name UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215130_en.html

4.

SORBONNE UNIVERSITE

Self-organized biomolecular gradients for controlling cellular behaviour in cell culture

  • 173,076
  • France
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Self-organized biomolecular gradients for controlling cellular behaviour in cell culture
Company Name SORBONNE UNIVERSITE
Country France , Western Europe
Project Value 173,076
Project Detail

Concentration gradients of biomolecules are essential in important biological events such as morphogenesis, inflammation, wound healing and cancer. As a consequence, devising methods to generate highly controlled biomolecular gradients for studying cellular behaviour is a major scientific endeavor. However, state-of-the-art approaches based on microfluidics suppress cellular signalling by washing molecules away, limiting their biological significance. To solve this issue, this proposal will develop an original method to create biomolecular gradients that influence cellular behaviour without interfering with cellular communication. This method relies on recent DNA nanotechnology developments in the host group that create complex ssDNA concentration gradients autonomously, through a reaction-diffusion mechanism. The goal of this proposal is to demonstrate that such self-organized concentration patterns of DNA strands can modify the gene expression of human cells in vitro. Antisense technology will be used to couple extracellular DNA gradients with changes in cellular behaviour. As a proof of principle, a two-band concentration pattern of DNA will be created, which will induce in vitro a similar pattern of fluorescent protein expression on a HeLa cell monolayer. As an application, biomolecular gradients will be used to control wound healing assays, allowing the patterning of cell culture. These results would open doors to control and study cellular behaviour while maintaining crucial cellular communication mechanisms. In the long run, this technique, that combines the self-organization of synthetic molecules and living cells, could be advantageously used in tissue engineering.

Sector Health Care

Contact Details

Company Name SORBONNE UNIVERSITE
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215366_en.html

5.

UNIVERSITETET I STAVANGER

Multi-fidelity design optimization of long-span bridges considering probabilistic wind-induced instabilities of flutter and buffeting and hydrodynamics

  • 21 Million
  • Norway
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Multi-fidelity design optimization of long-span bridges considering probabilistic wind-induced instabilities of flutter and buffeting and hydrodynamics
Company Name UNIVERSITETET I STAVANGER
Country Norway , Western Europe
Project Value 21 Million
Project Detail

Efficient transport structure is considered as fundamental for the economic growth and social cohesion of communities. Long-span suspension bridges have served to cross large physical barriers for decades as one of the most challenging structures in civil engineering. Several major suspension bridges are currently under planning; Coastal Highway E39 Route in Norway with floating foundation, Canakkale Bridge in Turkey, Tokyo Bay Bridge in Japan to name a few. The span length of suspension bridges has become longer with the advances in construction technologies, yet the bridge structures become more flexible and more prone to wind-induced vibrations, which are key concepts for the bridge design. For the construction of long-span bridges, huge material cost is required, and the reduction in material will be of great interest. The design optimization is a mathematical method of minimizing a cost function while satisfying structural requirements. Reliability Based Design Optimization (RBDO) performs design optimization while uncertainty in parameters are considered, producing more accurate optimum solutions; however, it has a drawback of high computational cost. In recent years, multi-fidelity optimization has attracted attention of researchers for a clear improvement of efficiency. The candidate has worked on RBDO of long-span bridges under probabilistic flutter in her thesis. She would like to expand her research by proposing multi-fidelity optimization method considering probabilistic wind-induced bridge vibrations accounting also for the hydrodynamics effects, and applying the method to on-going bridge projects. This research project is challenging for the incorporation of probabilistic buffeting and hydrodynamics effects. It is multidisciplinary involving in mathematical discipline of design optimization, wind, structural and marine engineering. This project will help to form efficient transport in the EU by providing method for the sustainable bridge designs.

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Company Name UNIVERSITETET I STAVANGER
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215280_en.html

6.

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET

Novel binder-ionomer-free electrodes enable ultra-low Pt loading electrodes for low cost High Temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells based in phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes

  • 21 Million
  • Denmark
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Novel binder-ionomer-free electrodes enable ultra-low Pt loading electrodes for low cost High Temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells based in phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes
Company Name DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Country Denmark , Western Europe
Project Value 21 Million
Project Detail

In spite of the promising prospects as future green energy conversion device, low temperature-proton exchange membrane fuel cells (LT-PEMFCs) based in perfluorosulfonic acid membrane have achieved a penetration in the energy market rather low, being cost and durability the main barriers to the worldwide commercialization. As an alternative, high temperature- (HT-) PEMFCs based in phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes are gaining much of attention due to the benefits over the LT-PEMFCs (e.g. no need of auxiliary humidification system, much higher CO and sulfur tolerance, very suitable for cogeneration in combined heat and power systems, easier thermal management, etc.). However, the main drawback is the high Pt content of the electrodes that, according to the state-of-the-art, is greater than 0.5 mgPt cm-2 (2-5 times higher than LT-PEMFCs state-of-the-art). This project aims to develop a novel configuration of the HT-PEMFC electrode that enable the achievement of low cost ultra-low Pt loading electrodes (= 0.1 mgPt cm-2) with competitive power output and durability. A paradigm shift is proposed in the structure and composiition of the catalytic layer of the HT-PEMFC electrode as no ionomer or binder is incorporated, only the catalyst and the electrolyte (phosphoric acid) are present. The absence of Pt site-blockers, as the binder or the ionomer polymers, significantly enhance the electrochemical surface area at ultra-low Pt loadings enabling a reasonable performace output. Results of this project have a strong potential to be transferred to the electrode production in the emerging industry of HT-PEMFCs. The project involves a number of analytic techniques and specific equipment that ensures the transfer of knowledge and the training to the experienced researcher while the candidate will bring his expertise in LT-PEMFCs as a positive feedback to the HT-PEMFCs research field. Expand / Contract

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Company Name DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215430_en.html

7.

UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN

Sources of rationality: arousal and the use of rational and heuristic decision strategies

  • 18 Million
  • Netherlands The
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Sources of rationality: arousal and the use of rational and heuristic decision strategies
Company Name UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN
Country Netherlands The , Western Europe
Project Value 18 Million
Project Detail

Research in psychology and neuroscience has provided a rich amount of data on the ways in which humans make decisions. Behavioral studies show that for various kinds of problems, people often use simple decision heuristics in order to overcome limitations in time, knowledge and cognitive abilities. Neurophysiological studies show that the use of decision strategies is associated with activation of various brain structures, including novel parts of the cortex and old, subcortical structures. Research by the author of this proposal suggests that the neural systems governing arousal may shape predecisional information processing and decision strategy use. Advanced studies by the supervisor of this project show in detail how arousal systems impact cognitive functions, with a special focus on attention. The knowledge of the dynamics of attention can be applied to advance our understanding of decision-making and the use of rational and heuristic strategies. The general aim of this project is to explore the neural underpinnings of decision-making. Specifically, this project aims to advance a theoretical model of the impact of arousal on decision strategy use, and to test this model in experiments with the use of various neuroscience methods: fMRI, EEG and eye-tracking. The applicant will receive intensive training focused on acquiring advanced skills of fMRI, EEG and eye-tracking data acquisition and analysis. The training will take place at the Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, which hosts several groups that work on topics of close relevance for the current proposal. In turn, the applicant will contribute knowledge of value-based decision making, including the knowledge of computational models of decision-making, the impact of stress on cognition and the role of hormones in decision making. This will allow for a mutual exchange of skills and ideas between the host and the applicant, which should result in novel insights into the mechanisms of decision making.

Sector Services

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Company Name UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215025_en.html

8.

UNIVERSITAET BAYREUTH

The Dynamics of Constructive Deliberation

  • 17 Million
  • Germany
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The Dynamics of Constructive Deliberation
Company Name UNIVERSITAET BAYREUTH
Country Germany , Western Europe
Project Value 17 Million
Project Detail

Collective decisions are pervasive in every aspect of our society. As shown by Brexit and other recent episodes in European national politics, the way we shape our collective decisions can have far-reaching implications. However, even though there is a vast literature on the aggregation and revision of preferences in and by groups, there are no exact mathematical models of the way groups construct and revise a given decision problem – a process I call constructive deliberation. Getting grip on this political “logic of discovery” is a necessary step towards a suitable combination of information technology with various forms of direct democracy. In this project, I will develop a formal theory of constructive deliberation. Relying on my background in defeasible reasoning and the expertise at the host and secondment institution, I will create mathematical models of individual agents that reason and share information about the decision problem at hand, and show how and when this interaction results in group consensus. This way, the project will complement existing work on collective decision-making, which is in turn necessary for the improvement of democratic processes. In combination with specific training, dissemination, and communication actions, the project will also contribute to my personal development, serving my long-term aim to obtain a permanent position as a researcher (cf. §1.2-1.4).

Sector Information Technology

Contact Details

Company Name UNIVERSITAET BAYREUTH
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/214532_en.html

9.

UNIVERSITETET I TROMSOE

Blingual Literacy and Input Knowledge Outcomes: Tracing Heritage Language Bilingual Development

  • 21 Million
  • Norway
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Blingual Literacy and Input Knowledge Outcomes: Tracing Heritage Language Bilingual Development
Company Name UNIVERSITETET I TROMSOE
Country Norway , Western Europe
Project Value 21 Million
Project Detail

Bilingual Literacy and Input Negotiates Knowledge Outcomes: Tracing Heritage Language Bilingual Development This project significantly adds to a burgeoning—roughly 2 and half decades long—sub-field of bilingualism studies, namely Heritage Language Bilingualism (HLB). We propose a novel approach that combines offline and online methods and focuses on a severely understudied, yet crucially important age group of heritage speaker (HS) bilinguals in an effort to fill crucial gaps in the available literature. We will examine the role and weight of key variables that (potentially) contribute to ubiquitous differences between these populations and matched monolingual counterparts. To this end, we capitalize on the relatively unique opportunity Turkish provides as a heritage language acquired in its diaspora in the EU (the snapshot will be Norway and Germany). Having access to balanced populations in both Norway and Germany and their respective multiple subgroups that differ in key variables (e.g. access or not to literacy education in Turkish) we will for the first time have a fairer chance to converge on an understanding of how and why HLB presents so differently from monolingualism and even other cases of bilingualism. Because HLB, deals with the development and maintenance of minority languages spoken in the home and small ethnic communities in a larger national context, it fits very well with the imperatives of the EU and its commitment to fostering cross-cultural integration while guaranteeing the rights of all to maintain their heritage languages and cultures. Understanding how to best fulfill language related EU imperatives and commitments is inherently related to understanding the cognitive, social and linguistic sciences behind HLB.

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Company Name UNIVERSITETET I TROMSOE
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/214216_en.html

10.

THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

The Synergistic Merging of Iridium-Catalysed Hydrogen Borrowing and Asymmetric Catalysis in the Pursuit of Enantioenriched Small Molecules

  • 18 Million
  • United Kingdom
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The Synergistic Merging of Iridium-Catalysed Hydrogen Borrowing and Asymmetric Catalysis in the Pursuit of Enantioenriched Small Molecules
Company Name THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
Country United Kingdom , Western Europe
Project Value 18 Million
Project Detail

Hydrogen-borrowing catalysis is a fantastically powerful method of constructing new bonds and synthesising key small organic molecules. However, despite recent advances, many hydrogen-borrowing methodologies do not embrace asymmetric catalysis, limiting its use in targeted synthesis of chiral molecules. The goal of this proposal is to address these issues and develop new methodologies that involve enantioinduction. In particular,focusing on using hydrogen-borrowing catalysis in combination with forms of asymmetric catalysis (such as organocatalysis) and using hydrogen-borrowing catalysis to transiently activate substrates in order to facilitate reactions that appear unlikely to occur on paper. Following the development of these methodologies, they will be applied to the synthesis of biologically active molecules and natural products. The high quality and novel research contained within these goals will be met due to the knowledge and experience of the experience researcher and the host, Professor Timothy J. Donohoe, along with the excellent facilities and opportunities afford by the University of Oxford. Following the completion of the research, the results will be highly interesting and useful to the greater chemistry community in both academia and industry.

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Company Name THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/213836_en.html

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