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1.

UNIVERSITA TA MALTA

Behavioural Application Program Interfaces

  • 742,500
  • Malta
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Behavioural Application Program Interfaces
Company Name UNIVERSITA TA MALTA
Funded By 38
Country Malta , Southern Europe
Project Value 742,500
Project Detail

APIs are typically flat structures, i.e. sets of service/method signatures specifying the expected service parameters and the kind of results one should expect in return. However, correct API usage also requires the individual services to be invoked in a specific order. Despite its importance, the latter information is either often omitted, or stated informally via textual descriptions. Behavioural Types are a suite of technologies that formalise of this information, elevating flat API descriptions to a graph structure of services. This permits automated analyses for correct API compositions so as to provide guarantees such as service compliance, deadlock freedom, dynamic adaptation in the presence of failure, load balancing etc. The proposed project aims to bring the existing prototype tools based on these technologies to mainstream programming languages and development frameworks used in industry.

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Company Name UNIVERSITA TA MALTA
Address University Campus, Tal-Qroqq 2080 Msida
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/213016/factsheet/en

2.

HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY

Two-dimensional quantum photonics

  • 2 Million
  • United Kingdom
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Two-dimensional quantum photonics
Company Name HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY
Funded By 38
Country United Kingdom , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

Quantum optics, the study of how discrete packets of light (photons) and matter interact, has led to the development of remarkable new technologies which exploit the bizarre properties of quantum mechanics. These quantum technologies are primed to revolutionize the fields of communication, information processing, and metrology in the coming years. Similar to contemporary technologies, the future quantum machinery will likely consist of a semiconductor platform to create and process the quantum information. However, to date the demanding requirements on a quantum photonic platform have yet to be satisfied with conventional bulk (three-dimensional) semiconductors. To surmount these well-known obstacles, a new paradigm in quantum photonics is required. Initiated by the recent discovery of single photon emitters in atomically flat (two-dimensional) semiconducting materials, 2DQP aims to be at the nucleus of a new approach by realizing quantum optics with ultra-stable (coherent) quantum states integrated into devices with electronic and photonic functionality. We will characterize, identify, engineer, and coherently manipulate localized quantum states in this two-dimensional quantum photonic platform. A vital component of 2DQP’s vision is to go beyond the fundamental science and achieve the ideal solid-state single photon device yielding perfect extraction - 100% efficiency - of on-demand indistinguishable single photons. Finally, we will exploit this ideal device to implement the critical building block for a photonic quantum computer.

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Company Name HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY
Address Riccarton Eh14 4as Edinburgh
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/208815/factsheet/en

3.

INTERUNIVERSITAIR MICRO-ELECTRONICA CENTRUM

Enabling flexible integrated circuits and applications

  • 1 Million
  • Belgium
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Enabling flexible integrated circuits and applications
Company Name INTERUNIVERSITAIR MICRO-ELECTRONICA CENTRUM
Funded By 38
Country Belgium , Western Europe
Project Value 1 Million
Project Detail

Thin-film transistor technologies are present in many products today that require an active transistor backplane e.g. flat-panel displays and flat-panel photodetector arrays. Unipolar n-type transistors based on amorphous Indium-Gallium-Zinc-Oxide (a-IGZO) as semiconductor is currently the most promising technology for next generation products demanding a high-performant, low power transistor, manufacturable on flexible substrates enabling curved, bendable and even rollable displays. a-IGZO is a wide bandgap material characterized by extremely low off-state leakage currents and electron mobility of ~20 cm2/Vs. IGZO transistors fabricated on flexible substrates will also find their use in applications that require flexible integrated circuits. The goal of this FLICs proposal is to develop disruptive technology and ground-breaking design innovations with amorphous oxide TFTs on plastic substrates, targeting large scale or very large scale flexible integrated circuits with unprecedented characteristics in terms of power consumption, supply voltage and operating speed, for applications in IoT and wearable healthcare sensor patches. We introduce a new logic style, “quasi-CMOS”, which is based on unipolar, oxide dual-gate thin-film transistors. This logic style will drastically decrease the power consumption of unipolar logic gates in a novel way by taking advantage of dynamic backgate driving and of the transistor’s unique low off-state leakage current, without compromising on switching speed. In addition, we also introduce downscaling of the transistor’s dimensions, while remaining compatible with upscaling to large-area manufacturing platforms. Finally, we will investigate novel ultralow-power design techniques on system-level, while exploiting the quasi-CMOS logic gates. We will demonstrate the power of this innovation with circuits for item-level Internet-of-Things, UHF RFID, and wearable health sensor patches.

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Company Name INTERUNIVERSITAIR MICRO-ELECTRONICA CENTRUM
Address Kapeldreef 75 3001 Leuven
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/206494/factsheet/en

4.

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

Memory of Motion

  • 4 Million
  • France
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Memory of Motion
Company Name CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Funded By 38
Country France , Western Europe
Project Value 4 Million
Project Detail

What if we could generate complex movements for a robot with any combination of arms and legs interacting with a dynamic environment in real-time? MEMMO has the ambition to create such a motion-generation technology that will revolutionize the motion capabilities of robots and unlock a large range of industrial and service applications. Based on optimal-control theory, we develop a unified yet tractable approach to motion generation for complex robots with arms and legs. The approach relies on three innovative components. 1) a massive amount of pre-computed optimal motions are generated offline and compressed into a ``memory of motion. 2) these trajectories are recovered during execution and adapted to new situations with real-time model predictive control. This allows generalization to dynamically changing environments. 3) available sensor modalities (vision, inertial, haptic) are exploited for feedback control which goes beyond the basic robot state with a focus on robust and adaptive behavior. To demonstrate the generality of the approach, MEMMO is organized around 3 relevant industrial applications, where MEMMO technologies have a huge innovation potential. For each application, we will demonstrate the proposed technology in relevant industrial or medical environments, following specifications designed by the end-users partners of the project. 1) A high-performance humanoid robot will perform advanced locomotion and industrial tooling tasks in a 1:1 scale demonstrator of a real aircraft assembly. 2) An advanced exoskeleton paired with a paraplegic patient will demonstrate dynamic walking on flat floor, slopes and stairs, in a rehabilitation center under medical surveillance. 3) A challenging inspection task in a real construction site will be performed with a quadruped robot. While challenging, these demonstrators are feasible, as assessed by preliminary results obtained by MEMMO partners, that are all experts or stakeholders of their domain.

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Company Name CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Address Rue Michel Ange 3 75794 Paris
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/213161/factsheet/en

5.

THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN

Lifshitz holography: hydrodynamics and the large-D limit

  • 184,591
  • Ireland
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Lifshitz holography: hydrodynamics and the large-D limit
Company Name THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Funded By 38
Country Ireland , Northern Europe
Project Value 184,591
Project Detail

Holography is the powerful statement that two seemingly distinct theories, a theory of gravity and a field theory, describe the same physics. In this proposal I focus on Lifshitz holography, a not very well understood version of the duality, that relates non-relativistic strongly-coupled field theories and gravity realized on Lifshitz spacetimes. The aim of the project is to further develop Lifshitz holography by taking advantage of recent progress in non-relativistic hydrodynamics and the development of the large-D tool. The research objectives(ROs), each forming a separate work package, are: - Flesh out the connections between gravity and fluid dynamics for non-relativistic theories, by developing the membrane paradigm for Lifshitz black holes. This will not only be a milestone in our understanding of Lifshitz holography itself and prepare the ground for a fully-fledged non-relativistic fluid/gravity correspondence, but it will also elucidate the infrared properties of these theories, identify universal behaviours in transport coefficients and other observables and explore the generality of recently-proposed connections between hydrodynamics, non-hydrodynamic modes and chaos. - Extend the large-D tool to Lifshitz spacetimes and then use it to study holographically thermal transport in Lifshitz theories. The large-D is a technical development in general relativity realised on Anti-deSitter and flat spacetimes that leads to major simplifications of gravitational dynamics and thus eases the complexity of calculations. This objective will impact both holographic studies and gravity considerations in Lifshitz spacetimes. To achieve these ROs, I will mainly study various aspects of quasinormal modes. These modes not only contain information about black hole dynamics in the sense of characterising the dissipation of the perturbed horizon, but they are also associated with poles of the corresponding real-time Greens functions in a holographically dual theory.

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Company Name THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Address College Green 2 Dublin
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/222705/factsheet/en

6.

UNIVERSITAT WIEN

Holography for Asymptotically Flat Spacetimes

  • 27 Million
  • Austria
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Holography for Asymptotically Flat Spacetimes
Company Name UNIVERSITAT WIEN
Funded By 38
Country Austria , Western Europe
Project Value 27 Million
Project Detail

Even after more than 100 years Einstein’s theory of General Relativity still resists a complete understanding at the quantum level. Holographic dualities between theories of quantum gravity and quantum field theories such as the Anti-de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory correspondence have revolutionised the way we think about both subjects since its discovery. However, holographic applications to other – more realistic – setups such as asymptotically flat spacetimes still provide a fundamental challenge in theoretical physics. The aim of this project is to overcome this challenge by developing new holographic tools that involve the entire boundary of asymptotically flat spacetimes. The long-term goal of FlatHolo is to apply these tools to spacetimes such as e.g. the Schwarzschild or the Kerr-Newman black hole in order to gain a deeper understanding of these objects at a quantum level. The short-term goals of developing a concise framework for a putative dual quantum field theory and consequently relating boundary entanglement with bulk geometry are also of high interest for other scientific communities that are unravelling the intriguing relations between quantum information and geometry. This proposal combines my current expertise on non-AdS holography with extensive training by leading experts on various aspects of holography involving asymptotically flat spacetimes at Harvard University. The final stage of the project will be conducted at the University of Vienna whose complementary expertise on higher-spins, holography and gravitational physics provides the perfect environment to transfer my knowledge and skills gained during the outgoing phase. The outcomes of this project will be essential for a deeper understanding of holography in more realistic setups and will allow me to proceed with the next step in my career and reach professional maturity by qualifying for a permanent position as an independent researcher at a European research institution.

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Company Name UNIVERSITAT WIEN
Address Universitatsring 1 1010 Wien
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/222578/factsheet/en

7.

KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN

Non-Archimedean limits of differential forms, Gromov-Hausdorff limits and essential skeleta

  • 166,320
  • Belgium
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Non-Archimedean limits of differential forms, Gromov-Hausdorff limits and essential skeleta
Company Name KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN
Funded By 38
Country Belgium , Western Europe
Project Value 166,320
Project Detail

In the beginning of 2000s Kontsevich and Soibelman have introduced two variants of the SYZ conjecture originating from string theory: a non-Archimeadean one and a differential-geometric one. Both of these conjectures posit existence of a singular affine manifold (the base of the SYZ fibration) that can be obtained either as a subset of the non-Archimedean analytic space associated to a family of complex projective Calabi-Yau varieties with maximally unipotent monodromy, or as a Gromov-Hausdorff limit of fibres of the family with Ricci-flat metric in the polarization class and normalized diameter (the latter was also independently conjectured by Gross, Wilson, and Todorov). Recent years have seen active developments in both of these conjectures through work of de Fernex, Kollár, Mustata, Nicaise, Xu, Gross, Tosatti, Zhang and others. Kontsevich and Soibelman have also conjectured that both approaches give the same result, with corresponding singular affine manifolds naturally isomorphic; unfortunately, the existence of such an isomorphism is open as of now. The aim of this project is to build tools that will allow both to attack the comparison conjecture and to make progress in the understanding of the collapsing Gromov-Hausdorff limits in the odd-dimensional case (hypekähler case having been extensively studied). The proposed approach is based on the theory of differential forms on non-Archimedean analytic spaces due to Chambert-Loir and Ducros. Firstly, a notion of a non-Archimedean limit of a degenerating family of real forms with values in Chambert-Loir-Ducros forms will be defined. Secondly, the metric structure of the collapsing limit will be described in terms of such non-Archimedean limits of Kähler forms. Thirdly, the canonical affine structure on the limit space conjectured to exist in the metric picture will be studied using non-Archimedean methods, assuming a natural statement about the limits of the solutions of Monge-Ampere equations.

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Company Name KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN
Address Oude Markt 13 3000 Leuven
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/222386/factsheet/en

8.

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Binuclear Iridium(III) Complexes for White-Emitting OLEDs

  • 171,473
  • Italy
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Binuclear Iridium(III) Complexes for White-Emitting OLEDs
Company Name CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Funded By 38
Country Italy , Western Europe
Project Value 171,473
Project Detail

The European Union set the ambitious target of increasing energy efficiency by 27% within 2030. Since ˜ 20% of the EU electrical energy is used for lighting, more efficient lighting concepts need to be developed. At present, inorganic light emitting diodes (LEDs) stand out as the best alternative to conventional lighting devices. In future, organic LEDs (OLEDs) are predicted to become the ultimate solution, since they allow fabrication of large-area flat and flexible devices; consequently, white-emitting OLEDs (WOLEDs) are actively investigated. Current WOLEDs require the use of multiple luminophores in a single device, but this leads to imbalanced white-light emission and colour instability, due to the different stability over time of each single emitter. Moreover, the incorporation of multiple emitters increases manufacturing costs. To overcome these drawbacks, attempts have been made to generate white-emission from a single multifunctional material. However, strong limitations were faced due to the complex synthetic procedures and the inability to control the excited-state properties of the emitter and its internal energy-transfer processes. In this scenario, we propose a new strategy for easy-to-synthesize binuclear cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes, displaying dual-emission for white-light generation from a single molecular entity. The strategy involves simultaneous generation of blue and orange emission from two electronically uncoupled Ir(III) centres, linked together by a non-conjugated bridging unit. This ambitious goal can be achieved due to the mutual interaction between the Experienced Researcher (ER) and the Host Institution (HI). While the ER has a strong background in the synthesis of luminescent complexes, the HI has a consolidated expertise in organic synthesis, theoretical and experimental photophysics, and in fabrication and testing of OLED devices. This combination of competencies will guarantee the successful implementation of this project.

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Company Name CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Address Piazzale Aldo Moro 7 00185 Roma
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/222366/factsheet/en

9.

UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX

Experimental and numerical study of long runout landslides

  • 196,708
  • France
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Experimental and numerical study of long runout landslides
Company Name UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX
Funded By 38
Country France , Western Europe
Project Value 196,708
Project Detail

Landslides, the violent motion of large masses of debris, rock or snow, are an ever-present danger in mountainous regions the world over. After the landslide material falls down the mountainside, it will run out some distance away from the mountain even on relatively flat surfaces until the energy it gained from falling is dissipated by friction with the terrain. Although a simple energy balance argument suggests that a single rock cannot travel farther than the height from which it fell, many landslide runouts extend their ruin to seemingly safe distances far removed from their origin. These long runout landslides have baffled scientists for over a century, ever since Albert Heim recorded his study of the Elm rock landslide that devastated the village of Elm, Switzerland in 1881. There are many explanations for this phenomenon, such as lubrication by an interstitial fluid, but none of these satisfactorily addresses how a completely dry landslide can run out so far. Not understanding how and when long runouts will occur makes hazard mitigation and prediction extremely difficult, highlighting the urgency of this issue. Recently, Melosh and coworkers have provided support for a mechanism borrowed from the fluidization of impact craters, “acoustic fluidization”, by using idealized 2D simulations of circular disks, but more work is needed to show that this mechanism is a feature of real 3D flows and robust for a range of conditions. We will perform laboratory experiments and fully 3D simulations of granular flows using simultaneous pressure and velocity measurements to test the acoustic fluidization hypothesis. We will also look for a crossover between this dry mechanism and the lubrication mechanisms for wet landslides. Besides application to landslide engineering, we will also explore for the first time how fundamental features of granular flows such as shear flow instabilities (clustering and longitudinal stripes) affect the rheology of landslides and long runouts.

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Company Name UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX
Address Place Pey Berland 35 33000 Bordeaux
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/221974/factsheet/en

10.

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO

Photoelectrochemical Solar Light Conversion into Fuels on Colloidal Quantum Dots Based Photoanodes

  • 237,768
  • Italy
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Photoelectrochemical Solar Light Conversion into Fuels on Colloidal Quantum Dots Based Photoanodes
Company Name UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO
Funded By 38
Country Italy , Western Europe
Project Value 237,768
Project Detail

The efficient use of solar energy is vital for the future of our Planet and to ensure to the next generations our and even superior welfare standards. Photoelectrochemical water splitting is a promising way to convert solar light into storable fuels, such as H2. However, an ideal photoanodic material for the oxygen evolution half-reaction has not been identified yet. Technologies based on solution-processed colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are promising for producing effective photoanodes because of their low manufacturing costs and the possibility of controlling the band gap of the material through the quantum size effect. The main scientific aim of the QuantumSolarFuels project is the preparation of photoanodes for water splitting based on CdSe, CdTe and CdSeTe CQDs and their protection against photocorrosion. The CQDs will be assembled in flat electrodes effectively protected against photocorrosion and activated toward water oxidation through: a) the deposition of amorphous TiO2 and subsequent coating with metal based oxygen evolution catalysts or b) by direct coating them with the oxygen evolution catalysts. Further objectives are: 1) the identification of the optimal CdSeTe composition and CQDs size for the preparation of efficient photoanodes; 2) the use of Cd-chalcogenide CQDs in solar cells and photo- and electro-catalysis for renewable fuels production. Thanks to this action the researcher will become a World expert in these areas, in particular in the innovative use of CQDs for photoelectrochemical water splitting applications. Taking full advantage of the complementary competences of the two involved research groups, the one at the beneficiary institution expert in the fundamental chemical aspects of photocatalysis and the partner group more focused on the engineering and industrial exploitation of CQD science, the QuantumSolarFuels project will provide crucial achievements for the future preparation of industrially compelling photoelectrochemical devices.

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Company Name UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO
Address Via Festa Del Perdono 7 20122 Milano
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/221821/factsheet/en

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