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1.

THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM

Metal-Functionalized Cavitands for a Site-Selective C-H hydroxylation of Aliphatic Compounds

  • 1 Million
  • Israel
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Metal-Functionalized Cavitands for a Site-Selective C-H hydroxylation of Aliphatic Compounds
Company Name THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM
Funded By 38
Country Israel , Western Asia
Project Value 1 Million
Project Detail

Selective hydroxylation of abundant, but chemically inert C-H bonds remains one of the great challenges in modern chemistry. Given that the resulting alcohols can easily be converted into a variety of other functional groups, this process is key to the large-scale production of commodity chemicals from a natural feedstock. Consequently, developing sustainable and environmentally benign catalysts capable of performing this transformation by utilizing cheap oxidants is of utmost importance. Such catalysts must be reactive enough to overcome the chemical inertness of C-H bonds, yet avoid over-oxidation, and be able to distinguish the target reaction site from other C-H bonds present. Although in recent decades significant progress has been achieved in catalytic hydroxylation of methane and ethane, selective hydroxylation of heavier alkanes (as well as of alkyl chain residues particularly at the terminal position) is still only possible by natural metalloenzymes. While being environment-friendly and functioning under mild conditions, these natural catalysts are poorly applicable to large-scale industrial processes due to their low stability and high cost. Nevertheless, the underlying principles such as (1) reactive metal centers embedded in hydrophobic pockets, (2) structurally defined reaction environment, and (3) affinity-based differentiation between substrates and products, can be capitalized upon for constructing a new generation of synthetic catalysts. The project will demonstrate how these rationales can be implemented with novel metal-functionalized cavitands – inner cavity containing molecules with a rigid metal-binding site accessible only from their interior. This fresh design combines the oxidative power of high valent metal-oxo species with the chemoselectivity for hydrophobic substrates, necessary to avoid product over-oxidation, while the desired site-selectivity is achieved by a well-defined spatial orientation of the encapsulated substrate molecules.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM
Address Edmond J Safra Campus Givat Ram 91904 Jerusalem
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/225162/factsheet/en

2.

ACONDICIONAMIENTO TARRASENSE ASSOCIACION

BIOtechnological processes based on microbial platforms for the CONversion of CO2 from ironsteel industry into commodities for chemicals and plastics

  • 7 Million
  • Spain
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BIOtechnological processes based on microbial platforms for the CONversion of CO2 from ironsteel industry into commodities for chemicals and plastics
Company Name ACONDICIONAMIENTO TARRASENSE ASSOCIACION
Funded By 38
Country Spain , Western Europe
Project Value 7 Million
Project Detail

The main objective of BIOCON-CO2 is to develop and validate in industrially relevant environment a flexible platform to biologically transform CO2 into added-value chemicals and plastics. The versatility and flexibility of the platform, based on 3 main stages (CO2 solubilization, bioprocess and downstream) will be proved by developing several technologies and strategies for each stage that will be combined as puzzle pieces. BIOCON-CO2 will develop 4 MCFs based on low-energy biotechnological processes using CO2 from iron&steel industry as a direct feedstock to produce 4 commodities with application in chemicals and plastics sectors using 3 different biological systems: anaerobic microorganisms (C3-C6 alcohols by Clostridia), aerobic microorganisms (3-hydroxypropionic acid by Acetobacter) and enzymes (formic acid by recombinant resting E. coli cells and lactic acid by multi-enzymatic system). The technologic, socio-economic and environmental feasibility of the processes will be assessed to ensure their future industrial implementation, replicability and transfer to other CO2 sources, such as gas streams from cement and electricity generation industries. BIOCON-CO2 will overcome the current challenges of the industrial scale implementation of the biotechnologies routes for CO2 reuse by developing engineered enzymes, immobilization in nanomaterials, genetic and metabolic approaches, strain acclimatization, engineered carbonic anhydrases, pressurized fermentation, trickle bed reactor using advanced materials and electrofermentation. The project aims to capture at least 4% of the total market share at medium term (1.4Mtonnes CO2/year) and 10% at long term (3.5Mtonnes CO2/year) contributing to reduce EU dependency from fuel oils and support the EU leadership in CO2 reuse technologies. Policy recommendations and public perception and acceptance will be explored and a commercialization strategy will be executed by a detailed exploitation plan and technology transfer.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name ACONDICIONAMIENTO TARRASENSE ASSOCIACION
Address Carrer De La Innovacio 2 08225 Terrassa
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/212849/factsheet/en

3.

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

Gas Diffusion Electrodes and Flow Cells for Photoelectrochemical CO2 Conversion into Multicarbon Alcohols

  • 212,934
  • United Kingdom
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Gas Diffusion Electrodes and Flow Cells for Photoelectrochemical CO2 Conversion into Multicarbon Alcohols
Company Name THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Funded By 38
Country United Kingdom , Western Europe
Project Value 212,934
Project Detail

Artificial photosynthesis, in which solar energy is directly used to generate fuels and useful chemicals from CO2 and water, is a promising solution to both energy crisis and global warming issues now-a-days. However, implementation of such a sustainable solar-fuel technology requires efficient light harvester and catalyst materials to power the uphill reaction. The proposed project is aimed to develop a novel flow cell set up with gas diffusion photocathode (GDP) for photoelectrochemical CO2 conversion into multicarbon alcohols (high energy density fuels). A layer by layer electrode fabrication method (systematic assembly of diffusion layer, photo-sensitizer, and co-catalyst materials) will be employed to develop a gas diffusion photocathode. Novel co-catalyst activation processes will be used to make the photocathodes active for multicarbon alcohol production. The innovative aspect of “SolarFUEL” is to employ a flow cell/GDP set up for the first time in photoelectrochemistry to produce alcohols from CO2. The cathodic solar CO2 conversion process will be coupled to an anodic solar water oxidation process. Operando spectroscopy studies (Raman, IR, and UV-Vis) will be carried out to monitor the catalyst systems and reaction pathways. The project being at the interface of material synthesis, photo-, electro-chemistry, and spectroscopy, will provide an excellent opportunity for the experienced researcher (ER) to develop profound scientific and technical expertise. In addition, the fellowship will allow the ER to gain complementary skills such as, manuscript preparation, public outreach, networking and collaboration which will be substantially helpful for his future independent career. The combination of the cutting-edge science and training excellence of the project will enhance the ER’s academic career prospect as well as improve the host’s international reputation.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Address Trinity Lane The Old Schools Cb2 1tn Cambridge
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/222741/factsheet/en

4.

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Development of Stereoselective Olefin Functionalization Methods

  • 2 Million
  • Switzerland
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Development of Stereoselective Olefin Functionalization Methods
Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Funded By 38
Country Switzerland , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

The ability toThe ability to readily access small-molecule building blocks at will has important consequences for the discovery and development of novel medicines and materials. It is particularly beneficial when the chemical methods are convenient while at the same time economically and environmentally tenable and sustainable. We are especially interested in catalytic processes that are easily executed and utilize readily available starting materials to produce optically active products with high regio, chemo, diastereo, and enantioselectivity. The proposal aims to discover, develop, and study a collection of enantioselective olefin functionalization reactions that provide access to useful building blocks, such as amines, azides, hydrazines, nitriles, alcohols, involving acyclic, cyclic and bicyclic structures. The catalyst will be derived from earth abundant metals, such as Fe, Mn, and Co and incorporate novel chiral ligands. The study includes the design and preparation of two structural classes of novel, chiral boric acids that are expected to serve as catalyst for the enantioselective functionalization of unsaturated carboxylic acids and boronic acids. The methods are expected to substantially impact the development of novel strategies for complex molecule synthesis. In this regard, we propose to use the catalysts form this study to convert dienes and trienes into polyols with characteristic stereochemical and oxidation patterns found in bioactive agents, including pharma- and nutraceuticals (carnitine). Such advances enable new approaches that go beyond the well-established methods such as aldol/allylation for the preparation of stereochemically complex fragments. Catalysts will also be developed that convert acyclic olefinic alcohols and amines into optically active, saturated furans, pyrans, pyrrolidines, and piperidines. The implementation of the various catalytic methods in complex settings enables efficient, convergent routes to bioactive agents.

Sector Administration & Marketing

Contact Details

Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Address Raemistrasse 101 8092 Zuerich
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/222616/factsheet/en

5.

CENTRE INTERNATIONAL DE RECHERCHE AUX FRONTIERES DE LA CHIMIE

Reversible Creation of Non-Inherent Reactivity Patterns in Catalytic Organic Synthesis

  • 2 Million
  • France
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Reversible Creation of Non-Inherent Reactivity Patterns in Catalytic Organic Synthesis
Company Name CENTRE INTERNATIONAL DE RECHERCHE AUX FRONTIERES DE LA CHIMIE
Funded By European Union
Country France , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

Current methods in organic synthesis only enable reactions at the most reactive bonds or at bonds predisposed by specific directing groups. Consequently, many less reactive bonds, including numerous C-H and C-C bonds, cannot be functionalized, enormously limiting the scope of possible transformations. To overcome these limitations, I propose Reverse&Cat, a revolutionary strategy using a novel method to change the reactivity pattern of molecules. This strategy combines the dynamic equilibrium mediated by the first catalyst and a functionalization reaction catalyzed by the second catalyst. The originality of the transformation stems from exploiting three simultaneous processes: (i) the dynamic exchange of one functional group (FG) for another FG that modulates the reactivity of the substrate; (ii) the functionalization of the temporarily activated bond; and (iii) the restoration of the initial FG. In essence, the processes (i) and (iii) – the components of the dynamic equilibrium – realize the novel concept of the temporary creation of non-inherent reactivity of a substrate. The program is divided in three phases, which will establish the full potential of the strategy. In phase A, I will develop a set of new reactions enabled by the bi-catalytic systems. I will exploit two types of reversible reactions: (1) reversible oxidation of alcohols, which delivers temporarily activated aldehydes/ketones, with the distinct reactivity of their C-H bonds; and (2) reversible retro-hydrofunctionalization of nitriles or their analogues, which delivers temporarily activated alkenes, containing allylic C-H and C=C bonds. In phase B, I will conduct detailed mechanistic studies to gain the mechanistic understanding and enable further rational development. In phase C, I will establish the utility of this new strategy in practical organic synthesis. Overall, the strategy will open a new dimension of reactivity, with prospective applications in production of fine-chemicals and materials.

Sector Chemicals

Contact Details

Company Name CENTRE INTERNATIONAL DE RECHERCHE AUX FRONTIERES DE LA CHIMIE
Address Allée Gaspard Monge 8 67000 Strasbourg France
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/218341_en.html

6.

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH

Engineered Protein Capsids as Artificial Bacterial Organelles

  • 2 Million
  • Switzerland
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Engineered Protein Capsids as Artificial Bacterial Organelles
Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Funded By European Union
Country Switzerland , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

Many proteins self-assemble into regular, shell-like, polyhedral structures. Protein capsids are useful, both in nature and in the laboratory, as molecular containers for diverse cargo molecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, metal nanoparticles, quantum dots, and low molecular weight drugs. They can consequently serve as delivery vehicles, bioimaging agents, reaction vessels, and templates for the controlled synthesis of novel materials. Here, we will apply our experience with protein design and laboratory evolution to extend the properties of protein containers to create practical, non-viral encapsulation systems for applications in the test tube and in living cells. Specifically, we will adapt the icosohedral cage structures formed by Aquifex aeolicus lumazine synthase (AaLS) to engineer increasingly sophisticated supramolecular complexes for use as delivery vehicles, nanoreactors and, ultimately, as bacterial organelles. Our principal aims are to: (a) tailor AaLS capsids for selective encapsulation of a broad range of macromolecular guests; (b) develop AaLS capsids as delivery vehicles for medical and imaging applications; (c) design simplified, functional mimics of carbon-fixing carboxysomes; (d) evolve redox active organelles for metabolizing aliphatic alcohols; and (e) engineer artificial organelles for the detoxification of polychlorinated phenols. We anticipate that these experiments will lead to a deeper understanding of the principles underlying the construction, function and evolution of natural protein microcompartments. At the same time, they will establish powerful strategies for creating tailored assemblies for practical applications in delivery and catalysis.

Sector Science & Research

Contact Details

Company Name EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Address Raemistrasse 101 8092 ZUERICH Switzerland
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/106467_en.html

7.

MULTISCAN TECHNOLOGIES SL

Extra Virgin Olive Oil - Advanced Sorting Solution

  • 1 Million
  • Spain
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Extra Virgin Olive Oil - Advanced Sorting Solution
Company Name MULTISCAN TECHNOLOGIES SL
Funded By European Union
Country Spain , Western Europe
Project Value 1 Million
Project Detail

The EU is the undisputed worldwide referent in the olive oil sector, responsible for 70% of the worldwide production. To face the global competition, olive oil produced in the EU must be a distinguished product by its premium quality and competitive price. Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) demand is increasing due to new consumers concerns (healthy, ecologic food) and the incorporation of new, high-income countries (US, Australia, China, etc.). To reach the highest quality oil, only top quality olives should be used. But frequently defective or unwanted olives enter the oil mill. These are frozen, dehydrated, over-mature, insect damaged or ground-picked olives, to name some, which will lead to downgrading the oil quality, i.e. organoleptic and chemical parameters (free acidity, esters, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, etc.) being affected negatively. Market price will also be lowered. Olive sorting by quality and/or maturity at the reception area in the mill is becoming a need in a sector which is shifting towards intense cultivation, mechanical harvesting and large capacity plants with enhanced technological means. As of today there are no focused solutions in the market. Leveraging on her success in the Table Olives sector, Multiscan will address the next technical challenge impacting olive oil, a huge market valued at 6,000 M€, by developing equipment specifically tailored for the sorting of incoming olives. Through state-of-the-art vision technology, the Multiscan EVOOLUTION will ensure that defective and unwanted olives are removed from entering the mill, consistently obtaining higher quality EVOO. End-user trials in oil mills from both hemispheres will assure the perfect matching of EVOOLUTION to the needs of all oil producers. By 2024, we will put in the market close to 300 EVOOLUTION units, resulting in accumulated net profits of 17 M€ and the direct creation of 20 new job positions in our company.

Sector Agriculture & Food

Contact Details

Company Name MULTISCAN TECHNOLOGIES SL
Address CALLE LA SAFOR 2 POLIGONO INDUSTRIAL ELS ALGARS 03820 COCENTAINA ALICANTE Spain
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/216763_en.html

8.

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE

Overcoming the Selectivity Challenge in Chemistry and Chemical Biology via Innovative Tethering Strategies

  • 2 Million
  • Switzerland
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Overcoming the Selectivity Challenge in Chemistry and Chemical Biology via Innovative Tethering Strategies
Company Name ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Funded By European Union
Country Switzerland , Western Europe
Project Value 2 Million
Project Detail

In the last two centuries, synthetic organic chemistry has undergone an unprecedented revolution. The ability to understand and modify the molecular structure of matter has changed our life in many areas, such as medicine, agriculture or commodity materials. These major successes gave the impression that synthetic chemistry is a mature field. However, this impression is completely misleading, as current synthetic methods still lack the selectivity needed for the modification of complex molecules. Both selecting between different reactive groups and functionalizing inert bonds in their presence represent formidable challenges. In this project, we propose to develop highly selective “molecular tethers” for the functionalization of both natural/synthetic organic compounds and biomolecules. The envisioned tethers are bifunctional small organic molecules having three fundamental properties: 1) A “biting end” with unique reactivity to be selectively installed in situ onto naturally occurring thiols, alcohols and amines. We will use tethers based on acetals and hypervalent iodine reagents. 2) A “functional end”, whose reactivity can be revealed “at will” to functionalize bonds that cannot be accessed with the current state of the art of synthetic chemistry, especially inert C-H and C=C bonds. 3) Being traceless, meaning that they can be removed easily once the desired functionalization has been achieved. The main impact of this project will be in fundamental synthetic organic chemistry, as it will contribute to overcoming major selectivity hurdles in the functionalization of complex molecules. It will therefore result in faster progress in all the fields depending on synthetic molecules, such as medicine, agriculture or materials. A more efficient functionalization of biomolecules will allow us to soften the boundaries between synthetic chemistry and biology, leading to major progress in our understanding of living systems and our ability to modify them.

Sector Services

Contact Details

Company Name ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Address BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1 1015 LAUSANNE Switzerland
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/213451_en.html

9.

CARDIFF UNIVERSITY

Noble Metal Loaded Oxygen-deficient Mesoporous Tungsten Trioxide for Green Catalysis under Solar Light

  • 195,455
  • United Kingdom
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Noble Metal Loaded Oxygen-deficient Mesoporous Tungsten Trioxide for Green Catalysis under Solar Light
Company Name CARDIFF UNIVERSITY
Funded By European Union
Country United Kingdom , Western Europe
Project Value 195,455
Project Detail

With the increasingly serious energy and environmental problems caused by the combustion of fossil fuels, the development of efficient solar light driven photocatalysts for green chemical synthesis is an urgent task at present. In this project, the synthesis and solar light driven green catalytic applications of noble metal (Au, Pd, or Au-Pd) loaded oxygen deficient mesoporous tungsten trioxide are proposed. The objectives of this research proposal are to use the as-prepared photocatalysts for the high selective synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from water and molecular oxygen without the usage of hydrogen gas, and to use the in-situ formed hydrogen peroxide for directly oxidation of alcohols and primary carbon-hydrogen bonds in toluene with high selectivity under solar light. A series of mesoporous tungsten trioxide can be facilely prepared by a hard template replicating method using mesoporous silica as template and phosphotungstic acid as a precursor. Oxygen deficient mesoporous tungsten trioxide will be prepared by hydrogenation treatment under different temperature. The interconnected mesopores in tungsten trioxide are beneficial for the adsorption of noble metal precursors. Noble metal nanocrystals would be formed by in-situ reduction on the oxygen deficient mesoporous tungsten trioxide under solar light irradiation. The special heterojunction of noble metal nanoparticles and oxygen deficient mesoporous tungsten trioxide semiconductor will result in high-performance, stable novel photocatalysts for green catalysis under solar light. The new catalytic concepts by the utilization of solar light for highly efficient green chemical synthesis proposed in this project will provide great benefits for both the whole chemical industry and our environment.

Sector Chemicals

Contact Details

Company Name CARDIFF UNIVERSITY
Address NEWPORT ROAD 30-36 CF24 ODE CARDIFF United Kingdom
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/214086_en.html

10.

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

Carbon dioxide splitting into higher-value chemicals with hybrid photocatalyst sheets

  • 183,455
  • United Kingdom
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Carbon dioxide splitting into higher-value chemicals with hybrid photocatalyst sheets
Company Name THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Funded By European Union
Country United Kingdom , Western Europe
Project Value 183,455
Project Detail

Harvesting solar energy to convert carbon dioxide into fuels such as syngas or alcohols is a promising strategy to curtail the growing carbon dioxide levels in our atmosphere and overcome the global dependence on fossil fuels. However, carbon dioxide is one of the most stable and chemically inert molecules and the reduction of carbon dioxide can lead to a large variety of products. Hence, the overall efficiency and selectivity of carbon dioxide reduction remains a key scientific challenge. The overall objective of the proposal is to develop novel hybrid photocatalysts-based sheets capable of splitting carbon dioxide into energy-rich chemicals with high solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency and selectivity. To this end, semiconductors with relatively negative conduction bands, such as tantalum nitride, will be modified with various water-tolerant molecular catalysts for selective carbon dioxide reduction, and combined with a water oxidation photocatalyst (bismuth vanadate) to construct sheet systems. Because of the efficient electron transfer through the underlying conductive layer, the obtained sheets are expected to provide the most effective means of achieving efficient and scalable carbon dioxide conversion to produce solar fuels. This project will involve extending the device created as part of the applicant’s current research for water splitting to carbon dioxide splitting. The applicant and the host group possess complementary skills and experiences, which match the necessity for the proposed project. Therefore, they are likely to deliver the desired outcomes in a synergistic manner. The outcomes and results in the present project will strengthen the European advances already made in carbon dioxide conversion and European knowledge. This project approaches the subject from a different scientific angle and focuses on renewable solar fuel generation to access a sustainable carbon-based economy, dovetailing with the overall objective of Horizon 2020 work programme.

Sector Energy Power Electrical

Contact Details

Company Name THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Address TRINITY LANE THE OLD SCHOOLS CB2 1TN CAMBRIDGE United Kingdom
Web Site https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/214422_en.html

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